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Alain de Benoist explores the competing models of liberal internationalism, nation-states, and civilisational states in determining the nature of the Earth's Nomos, or New World Order.

‘There can be no civilisation worthy of the name if it does not refuse something, if it does not renounce something.’ (Fernand Braudel)

Three major competing models are currently in competition to determine the nature of the Earth’s Nomos, i.e. the New World Order: liberal internationalism, the nation-states born of the Westphalian order and civilisational states.

Liberal internationalism is based on the classical themes of liberal thought: the rule of law, the protection of individual rights guaranteed by the constitution, the primacy of procedural norms, parliamentary democracy, and the market model – all notions proclaimed to be universal and properly ‘human’ – which is only possible by forgetting their history so that those who dismiss what is ritually presented as ‘freedom and democracy’ are immediately placed outside humanity and rejected as part of the ‘axis of evil’ since liberalism interprets any resistance to the expansion of a way of life based on individualism and capitalism as ‘aggression’.

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Alain de Benoist

Alain de Benoist is the leading thinker of the European ‘New Right’ movement, a school of political thought founded in France in 1968 with the establishment of GRECE (Research and Study Group for European Civilisation). To this day he remains its primary representative, even while rejecting the label ‘New Right’ for himself. An ethnopluralist defender of cultural uniqueness and integrity, he has argued for the right of Europeans to retain their identity in the face of multiculturalism, and he has opposed immigration, while still preferring the preservation of native cultures over the forced assimilation of immigrant groups.

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