- 1.From JQ to IQ – Part 1
- 2.From JQ to IQ – Part 2
The Western Tradition may have been strongly influenced by the Jewish Tradition, but it also differs from it in essence.
This essay is a translated and extended version of the author’s Dutch-language essay Van JQ naar IQ written for the patriotic-identitarian think tank ‘IDNL’ (English-language content can be accessed at http://www.identitair.com/).
The image at the head of part two is of the Dockworker Monument in Amsterdam, a memorial to the Dutch general strike on February 1941 – the first public and only mass Gentile protest against the deportation of the Israelites in Nazi-occupied Europe. The Dockworker Monument is doubly appropriate: it is located in the heart of the Jewish Quarter, razed to the ground after the war and now only a memory, and it expresses the Dutch people’s helpless indignation, now transformed into a lasting trauma.
‘Söhne des Bundes’
What is commonly known as the ‘Jewish people’ represents the oldest surviving historical people on Earth, but in the Holy Scriptures of the three Abrahamic religions this people is more correctly described as the ‘Children of Israel’ (Hebrew Bnei Yisra’el, Arabic Banī ’Isrā’īl). The term ‘Israel’1 is the consecration name of the Biblical patriarch Jacob, who became the ancestor of the twelve ‘Tribes of Israel’. The Children of Israel are bound by the covenants of their ancestors, including the Abrahamic Covenant and the Mosaic Covenant; they are the Bnei Brit, the ‘Sons of the Covenant’. One of these tribes was the Tribe of Juda, explaining the origin of the English ethnonym ‘Jewish’. Because not all of the ‘Jews’ alive today belong to the Tribe of Juda, they are more correctly known as ‘Israelites’: the name of the modern nation-state of Israel is to be preferred to the term ‘Jewish State’. It is important to distinguish between an ‘Israelite’ from an ‘Israeli’: whereas the former indicates a direct or a formally adopted (converted, assimilated) descendant of Jacob, the latter indicates a citizen of the modern State of Israel. Most Israelis are also Israelites, but the two terms are far from synonymous: many descendants of the Arab and Druze peoples that lived in the British mandate territory of Palestine have Israeli citizenship, without having been converted to or assimilated into the ‘Jewish people’.
Scientific research has unearthed various non-Israelite references to the historical Israelite presence in the Near East, some of them dating back to the Late Bronze Age. Most famous of these are the New Egyptian Merneptah Stele (13th century B.C.), the New Assyrian Kurkh Monolith of Shalmaneser III (9th century B.C.) and the royal Moabite Mesha Stele (9th century B.C.). This makes the history of the Israelites the oldest continuously attested national history on Earth. Through the Bible, the foundational document of Western Christianity, the transmission and interpretation of this history also provides the oldest continuous ‘narrative’ thread of Western civilization, leading back across its historical dawn into pre-Classical times. The religiously privileged transmission and interpretation of the Israelite historical narrative have created a decisive imprint on the Indo-European/Christian world of Western civilization as well as the Semitic/Islamic world of Middle Eastern civilization. Both the Christian Holy Bible (which incorporates Israelite scripture as the ‘Old Testament’) and the Islamic Holy Recitation (which effectively constitutes an ‘update’ on the Biblical Tradition) are strongly focussed on the remembrance and (re-)interpretation of the Israelite historical narrative and the Israelite religious covenant.
The historical origin and formal structure of the Christian and Islamic Traditions are effectively incomprehensible without substantial insight into their Israelite cultic, cultural and linguistic Vorlage, or ‘template’. This Israelite background must be considered as vitally important in shaping contemporary Western as well as Middle-Eastern civilization, especially in terms of religion and ethics: the religious and ethical expressions of both civilizations are significantly shaped by the Israelite ‘archetypes’ that precede them.
It should be emphatically stated, however, that this does not in any way justify the politically correct and intellectually fashionable identification of Western civilization with any ‘Judeo-Christian tradition’: the Western Tradition may have been strongly influenced by the Jewish Tradition, but it also differs from it in essence, in terms of philosophical dynamics, ethical direction as well as psycho-historical experience. The ‘Two Thousand Years Together’2 of the European and Israelite peoples that followed the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD (the ‘Diaspora’ – Hebrew Galūt) confirms this existential difference: despite having a shared historical epoch, a shared geographic space and some biological ‘cross-fertilization’, both sides have essentially retained distinctly separate identities. No self-aware Israelite will view himself as a Gentile and no self-aware Gentile will view himself as an Israelite; in those few individual cases where natural and human-made calamities creates confusion, a mutual consensus on the boundary line between the two ‘sides’ is quickly found.
On the Israelite side, the Orthodox Rabbis serve as the guardians of a boundary line that has been historically considered desirable on both sides: they guard the doubly physico-spatial and psychologico-spiritual borders of the Israelite nation with clearly defined rules for ‘liminal’ cases.3 They are charged with the responsibility of handling ‘borderline cases’ such as mamzerim, hitsonim and gerim – legal concepts that are mostly translated in a rather simplistic fashion as ‘bastards’, ‘apostates’ and ‘converts’. They decide who is ‘in’ and who is ‘out’; they also set the minimum rules for ‘belonging’ to the Israelite nation. Thus, the easiest way for non-Israelites to determine who is an Israelite is to obtain a minimal insight into the Israelite Law, as defined and maintained by the Orthodox Rabbis. Essentially, this means that only those individuals can be defined as Israelites, or ‘Jewish’, who are either born from a Jewish woman, recognized as such (i.e. registered as a community member or traceable to that community in the female line), or who have passed the giyur procedure outlined for ‘converts’ as defined by the Orthodox Rabbis.
The latter ‘conversion’ procedure includes the minimal elements of extensive education, total social immersion, male circumcision, ritual cleansing and a change of name; it can be better described as ‘assimilation’, normally requiring many years and enormous stamina on the part of the candidate. Actively discouraged by the Israelite and the non-Israelite authorities across the Christian West and the Islamic East, ‘conversion’ to and from Judaism remained a very rare phenomenon across the centuries. On the hand, the Orthodox Rabbis conducted a very restrictive policy of discernment and discouragement towards giyur candidates: enforcing hyper-perfectionist orthopraxy, interposing procedural delays and prolonging social liminality. Active discouragement of conversion candidates remains the norm even in the secular environment of the postmodern West: in countries with a relatively ‘high’ number of candidacies, conversion can be virtually impossible.4
Before the recent Western separation of state and church, on the other hand, the Christian authorities tended to enforce even more stringent rules to maintain the high wall between the Western and Israelite nations: the Jewish religion was tolerated to the extent that ethnic Israelites were born into it, but it was actively fought off as a religious ‘option’ for Gentiles that were not born into it. In fact, Gentiles that converted to Judaism were burnt at the stake deep into the Modern Era: notorious cases include Nicolas Antoine (1632) and Count Walentyn Potocki (1749).5
The Orthodox Rabbis have effectively supplemented their standard explicitly positive definition of the Israelite nation with an extra implicitly negative definition: members of the Israelite nation that are recognized as such by the Orthodox Rabbis can still be ‘rejected’ whenever and wherever they convert to another religion or fall into doctrinal heresy. Such apostates are ritually and socially rejected (ritually as min, or ‘heretic’, and socially as meshumad, or ‘destroyed’); they are formally and informally expelled (formally through a herem, or ‘anathema’, and informally through various forms of shunning). Examples of controversial figures that were subjected to formal expulsion include Baruch Spinoza, Shabbatai Zvi and Leon Trotsky. An instructive glimpse of the process of informal expulsion may be found in the famous musical/movie ‘Fiddler on the Roof’ (episode ‘Chavaleh’).
A contemporary legal reflection of this negative definition may be found in the ‘Law of Return’ of the modern Jewish State: its 1970 amendment (Article 2, Section 4a) explicitly states that the standard right of Israelites to Israeli citizenship does not apply to those Israelites that have converted to another religion.6 In such cases, the negative definition takes precedence over the positive definition of Israelite ethnicity. Thus, the secular law of the modern Jewish State effectively adopts the canonical law of old Christian Europe, which equates Israelite converts to Christianity with those who are born into the Christian faith.
In its narrow sense, the ‘Jewish Question’ only truly arises in the wake of Europe’s 18th century Enlightenment, which finds its Israelite equivalent in the Jewish Haskalah. The interrelated 18th-century and early-19th-century phenomena of spreading secularism, separation of church and state and nation-state formation gave rise to intellectual and ideological attempts at a purely materialist-functional (judicial, liberal) and purely materialist-determinist (biological, racial) definitions of the concept of ‘nation’. All of these attempts are finally shipwrecked on the rocky ‘Jewish Question’. As the mutual beneficial ‘armistice lines’ maintained by rabbinical and ecclesiastical authorities are gradually erased, historically materialist thinkers and authorities are faced with the impossible task of reducing traditionalist categories to modernist law. The failure of civic nationalist ‘assimilation’ (roughly the time span covered by the lives of Heinrich Heine and Gustav Mahler) is followed by the failure of racially nationalist ‘segregation’ (roughly the time span covered by the lives of Theodor Herzl and David Ben-Gurion). The end phase of the Thirty Year European Civil War, a.k.a. the ‘Second World War’, and the monumental horror of the Jewish ‘Holocaust’ mark the final failure of both experiments.
Individual assimilation successes and local segregation successes aside, by 1945 the ‘Jewish Question’ reached an Endlösung, or ‘Final Solution’, that had two dramatic features: (1) the destruction of Traditional Judaism and a substantial Jewish ethnic presence in Europe and (2) the foundation of Israel as a modern Jewish State in the Middle East. From a culturo-historical perspective, these twin results represent a ‘knock out’ victory of modernist ‘deconstruction’ over traditionalist authenticity: the authentic Jewish Tradition – an ethnically distinct nation living according to a transcendentally defined covenant – loses its physical substance in Europe, a loss that has to be compensated through an artificially territorialized nation-state in the Middle East. But the course of history cannot be reversed: its geopolitical consequences must be dealt with in a realistic fashion.
The very real existence and the entirely legitimate security concerns of the modern state of Israel are key elements in contemporary global geopolitics, but these elements only partially overlap with the continued existence of the Jewish Tradition. Since the foundation of the modern Jewish State, its politics are characterized by a ferocious and unequal struggle between the hilonim, the ‘mundane’ that pursue secular ‘values’ and economic ‘prosperity’ on the Western model, and the datim, the ‘religious’ that cling to the remnants of the Jewish Tradition. Outside of Israel, the scattered Diaspora remains of the Jewish Tradition – primarily concentrated in the United States of America – are existentially threatened by the same deluge of ‘secularization’ and ‘mixed marriages’ that is wiping out the Christian Tradition throughout the Western world. ‘Jewish’ communities throughout the Western world are now subject to the same immense centrifugal forces of sectarianism (‘liberal Judaism’), acculturation (‘cultural Judaism’) and oikophobia (‘experimental Judaism’) by which the Christian Tradition and the Western peoples are being ‘deconstructed’.
The predicament of Diaspora Judaism is well illustrated by the example of the situation in the author’s native Netherlands. Here, the true object of any attempt at a comprehensive JQ ‘conspiracy theory’ is now reduced to a mere handful of individuals within the hostile elite. For lack of an indigenous noble and patrician pedigree,7 these people may pride themselves on their supposedly ‘Jewish’ ancestry, but they are mostly unwilling to live up to – or even to respect – the basic rules of the authentic Jewish Tradition. At closer inspection, their genealogies tend to fall short of kosher status: many of them delude themselves into believing that having a Jewish father or unregistered Jewish grandmother suffices to call oneself part of the Chosen People. And even in those cases where the painstaking genealogical research of Orthodox Rabbis results in ‘recognition’ of Jewish status, these Rabbis will immediately add the caveat that such status comes at a price. It is a price that few of these merely ‘biological Jews’ will be willing to pay, viz. the obligation to comply with the 613 mitzvot, or ‘commandments’, of the Law, elaborated in the deepest details of painstaking orthopraxy and enforcing a nearly superhuman degree of discipline, erudition and piety.8
Noblesse oblige. Or, as another Israelite stated it 2000 years ago: No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon (Matthew 6:24).
Conclusion: In the post-Second–World–War West there remains only a handful of true Israelites. They can be identified by respecting two complementary rules, viz. (1) the judgement of the Orthodox Rabbis and – not or – (2) the wish to be identified as such by the individual in question. Citizens of the Western states that are not ‘Jewish’ by this twin standard, but still wish to be identified as such, are welcome to apply for the giyur, or ‘conversion’, procedure of the Orthodox Rabbis, but should be considered Gentiles by the patriotic-identitarian movement till the completion of that procedure. The patriotic-identitarian movement proceeds from the assumption that every human being should be proud of his own authentic identities, his ethnicity included: no Israelite should have to hide behind the fake identity of the secular ‘world citizen’. Such deception not only feeds outlandish ‘conspiracy theories’: it is also contrary to the self-assertive precepts of the authentic Jewish Tradition. The handful of true Israelites that remain in exile in the lands of the West after the Great Deluge of the 20th century and that have not availed themselves of the Israeli Law of Return, should be granted unconditional rights of abode and citizenship and they should be afforded the full protection of the law – a protection that is shamefully lacking in the contemporary ‘multicultural’ West. The patriotic-identitarian of the West does not view these remaining Israelites as a ‘problem’ – let alone a ‘danger’. The patriotic-identitarian movement does not fear them – and they have no need to fear it.
‘Justified and Ancient’
For lack of any substantial Jewish ethnic presence in the wake of the Second World War, the ‘Jewish Question’ has effectively ceased to be relevant in contemporary Europe: the tragedy of that war has ‘solved’ it once and for all. Again, the effects of that ‘solution’ are well illustrated by the situation in the author’s native Netherlands. Even if they deviate in their particulars, the lessons of Dutch history indicate the overall patterns of Europe’s ‘Final Solution’ of the JQ – and the manner in which it has mortgaged European psycho-history.
Of the perhaps 100,000 Jews that lived in Amsterdam – the Jewish mokem allef, or (Yiddish) ‘first city’, in the Netherlands – less than ten per cent survived the deportations conducted by the German occupation authorities between June 1942 and September 1944. With the deportees, an entire way of life and an entire urban culture was destroyed. Only a few lost survivors found their way back into the empty little streets and ransacked little houses of the old Jewish Quarter after Liberation Day 1945. The last slanting old houses and crooked alleyways were finally flattened during the inner city ‘refurbishments’ of the 1980s, which served to replace these unwelcome memories with modern architectural monstrosities such as the new city hall and yuppie apartments. It was at that time – the time of the new neoliberal regimes, Margaret Thatcher in Britain, Ronald Reagan in America and Ruud Lubbers in the Netherlands – that the last scraps of historical conscience and common decency were finally abandoned by the new Dutch soixante-huitard ‘fake elite of narcissist frauds’.9
Irrespective of the individual fates of the disappeared Dutch Jews – a macabre Untergang in the ‘bloodlands’ of Eastern Europe or an arduous return to the Promised Land – the surviving Dutch Gentiles were left with a sense of helplessness and discomfort. Helplessness: in the same way that the Dutch armed forces had been unable to halt the mighty German war machine, so the Dutch civil authorities had been able to halt the ruthless German deportation mechanism. Discomfort: among the highly disciplined and law-abiding Dutch Gentiles there remained a nagging feeling of having morally failed their Jewish compatriots, for only in the ‘Good Soldier Schweyk’ Czech territories had the Holocaust machinery been more efficient than in the Netherlands.
This instinctive collective feeling of ‘survivor’s guilt’ fitted seamlessly into the wider panorama of the Dutch war experience, which was characterized by widespread collaboration with the occupying power, equally widespread ‘war profiteering’ and ‘black market racketeering’ and a near-universal attitude of ‘weather vane’ servility. This moral low was almost immediately followed by another when the Netherlands’ former wartime ally America blackmailed it into surrendering its 350-years-old East Indies colonial empire. At the first hints of being excluded from the ‘Marshall Plan’10 fleshpots of Egypt,11 the Dutch government abandoned the most elementary notions of responsibility, loyalty and honour towards the hundreds of thousands of its faithful subjects – Dutch and native, civilian and military – that lived in and fought for the Dutch East Indies. Queen Wilhelmina refused to preside over the shameful ceremonial abandonment East Indies debacle and abdicated. This double experience of post-Holocaust and post-colonial ‘survivor guilt’ is not limited to the Netherlands: in various forms, it affects many Western European countries.
Throughout Europe, this sad historical background has effectively resulted in a series of historiographical ‘taboos’. These taboos are central to the collective ‘victim cult’ that still prevails across Europe. The moral failure and painful consciousness of individuals are experienced at a collective level, where they are projected on – abstract, unrealistic, unattainable – ‘universal values’. The collective past – history itself – becomes entirely unpalatable: a retrograde projection of self-loathing spreads out from the Holocaust and Decolonization into deeper past, into pre-modern history (‘slavery’) and finally into pre-history (‘patriarchy’). In the process, the collective (the nation) – never the ‘secular’, ‘progressive’ and ‘liberated’ individual of the ‘post-historical’ West – is held to be morally ‘liable’, historically ‘tainted’ and metaphysically ‘guilty’. The deepest and most impossible collective guilt remains conveniently reserved for the German people, the most ‘criminal people’ on Earth, but the phenomenon finally extends to the whole of Western civilization.12 In the course of the soixante-huitard slide into undiluted cultural nihilism, this psycho-historical conditioning takes on increasingly sadomasochistic characteristics. The ‘Holocaust Cult’ – deliberately exploited by the complementary phenomenon of the ‘Holocaust Industry’13 – is one of the key elements of this conditioning: it provides a convenient ‘lightning conductor’ for Europe’s psycho-historical trauma. The Holocaust Cult allows for a collective sadomasochistic projection: the archetypically ‘good’ (but passive!) Children of the Covenant are subjected to the ultimate revenge fantasies of the archetypically ‘evil’ (but active!) ‘Others’. It is a compensatory mechanism that can be understood by anybody familiar with elementary ‘Freud for Dummies’ material, but it is no less dangerous if left unchecked.
Under the aegis of fully fledged cultural nihilism and postmodern globalist ‘deconstructionism’, the sado-masochistic intellectual and emotional ‘role playing’ games of the soixante-huitards are transformed into real-life exercises. Undoubtedly, this psycho-historical mechanism provides much of the impetus for the postmodern exercises in industrial ecocide (destruction of natural beauty), bio-industrial animal cruelty (destruction of natural innocence), social implosion (destruction of family life), transgender transhumanism (destruction of gender identity) and ethnic replacement (destruction of group identity). The recent resurfacing of the JQ at the ‘Alt-Right’ fringe of the patriotic-identitarian movement can be partially understood as a compensatory reaction to the Holocaust Cult, which takes centre stage in the sadomasochistic ‘deconstruction’ discourse of the hostile elite. This JQ ‘overreaction’, however, only serves to ‘feed’ the psycho-historically driven sadomasochistic mechanism: it merely reinforces the dynamic flow of sadomasochistic ‘role-playing’. Thus, the real – non-mythical, non-cultic – Holocaust of the Jewish people is reduced to a mere instrument in the ritual self-chastisement of the Western peoples. This instrumentalization not only distorts the historical record – but it also demeans the memory of the dead.
The psycho-historical conditioning that accompanies the rise of cultural nihilism and universalist ‘deconstructionism’ casts an ever-deepening shadow over the post-war generations of the West. The Cultural-Marxist identity deconstruction of the ’60s and ’70s gives way to the ‘second generation trauma’ pathology of the ’80s and ’90s, only to metastasize into the militant ‘social justice warrior’ oikophobia of the ’00s and ’10s. The final destination of this psycho-historical trajectory is entirely predictable: it is the physical realization of self-mutilation and self-annihilation. The broad outlines of this final destination are becoming increasingly clear throughout the postmodern West: industrial ecocide, technological transhumanism, social implosion and ethnic replacement. These torments are clearly not inflicted on the European peoples by European Jewry: European Jewry no longer exists, it has gone up in smoke. Thus, the culturo-historical JQ should be a subject for free investigation and free discussion, but any forward projection of the JQ that goes beyond psycho-historical ‘trauma therapy’ into the realm ‘conspiracy theory’ represents an attempt at grasping the shades of a past that will not return. Many peoples have disappeared into the abyss of history; European Jewry fell into it and will not return.
On 30 January 1939 German Chancellor Adolf Hitler stated the following:
Wenn es dem internationalen Finanzjudentum in und ausserhalb Europas gelingen sollte, die Völker noch einmal in einen Weltkrieg zu stürzen, dann wird das Ergebnis nicht der Sieg des Judentums sein, sondern die Vernichtung der jüdische Rasse in Europa!
When international finance Jewry inside and outside Europe would once more succeed in pushing the peoples [of the world] into a world war, then the result will not be the victory of Jewry, but the destruction of the Jewish race in Europe!
His prediction of the final fate of European Jewry has come true. In the 1930s Hitler was still able to plausibly identify the hostile elite of his time as ‘other’ by means of a classical anti-Semitic scapegoat projection. Given the fact that there still existed a substantial Jewish presence in Europe and Germany, he could still plausibly project the (liberal-Marxist) evil of the (proto-globalist) hostile elite of his time on ‘Jews’. It should be noted that, even at that time, Hitler was already forced to use the qualifications ‘international’ and ‘finance’, emphasizing the (international) non-territorial and (finance) non-ethnic character of the hostile elite. Even at that time, the Nazi scapegoating of the Jews was far from a simple process: it had to take account of tens of thousands of ‘exceptions’, ‘exemptions’ and ‘special cases’ (e.g. Ehrenarier, or ‘Honorary Aryans’, Geltungsjude, or ‘Assumed Jews’, and Frontkämpferprivileg, or ‘Front-line Fighters’ Privilege’).
After 1945, such a scapegoat projection is no longer possible: the hostile elite of contemporary Europe can no longer in any way be identified as ‘Jewish’ because European Jewry no longer exists in any substantial form. To the extent that more substantial ‘biologically Jewish’ elements remain present in the overseas Anglosphere, primarily in the United States, their overall ethnic identity has been degraded (‘diluted’ through intermarriage, ‘deconstructed’ through secularism) to the extent of rendering the term ‘Jewish’ utterly meaningless. These ‘mixed’ and ‘secular’ residues of the Chosen People may very well wish to call themselves ‘Jewish’ to claim a politically correct ‘blank cheque’ from history, but in their case the term lacks any meaningful content.
Thus, as stated in the previous section, the Western patriotic-identitarian movement, is now facing an enemy that can in no way be identified as ‘Jewish’ in any meaningful sense of the word. To call the Western hostile elite ‘Jewish’ is simply an honour it does not deserve. The Western hostile elite is now clearly and totally non-territorial and non-ethnic. It is, in fact, fiercely anti-territorial (‘globalist’) and anti-ethnic (‘universalist’). The hostile elite’s stated and consistent antipathy to the Zionist-Jewish national project and Israel as a Jewish State proves the point. The Jews of Europe have vanished from history – as have the Armenians of Anatolia and the Germans across the Oder and Neisse. The dead of the martyred peoples of the 20th century are justified in and by their sacrifice: what is left of them, ‘justified and ancient’,14 is no more than ‘a hint and a name’.15 It is up to the living to learn from their history and to practice righteousness. When the Western nations, now subject to the administrative misrule, social deconstruction and ethnic replacement policies of their anti-national hostile elites, realize that they yet remain nations endowed with identities, talents and rights, then they can also decide not to disappear into the abyss of history.
Any projection of the JQ onto the contemporary hostile elite of the Western nations represents a diversion, distraction and dead-end: the hostile elite is their own, not anybody else’s. Even so, the JQ can indirectly assist them in gaining better insight into their own psycho-historical traumas, traumas that the hostile elite is using against them. Such insight can create windows with new future perspectives: by harshly confronting them with the weight of these traumas and its paralysing taboos, it can create a light at the end of the tunnel of cultural nihilism. If the near-miraculous resurrection of the Jewish State in modern Israel can teach the Western nations something, it is this: that is possible to stage a ‘come-back’ against impossible odds. If recent studies of the long history of Israelite survival in a hostile world can teach them something, it is this: that a high IQ can provide a nation with amazing historical stamina. A sufficiently high dose of IQ can make them immune against the ‘politically correct’ trickery and ‘deconstructive’ psy-ops of their hostile elite – it can make them immune to the JQ as a diversion manoeuvre and a waste of time. The Western nations should not allow themselves to waver from true self-interests and authentic self-examination, because:
Wie het gedaan heeft, heeft het gedaan. En niet iemand anders.
Guilty is only the one that is truly guilty – and nobody else.
— Harry Mulisch16
1 The epithet ‘Israel’ contains multiple layers of meaning. Its origin is explained in Genesis 32: 24ff.
2 A ‘skewed’ reference to the title of Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s work Two Hundred Years Together, which investigates the ‘JQ’ in the Russian context.
3 ‘Liminality’ is a cultural anthropological concept developed by Arnold van Gennep (1873–1957) to describe ritual and social ambiguity.
4 As is the case in the traditionally philo-Semitic Netherlands, where giyur candidates tend to move to Belgium to apply to the more reasonably inclined Rabbis of the Jewish community in Antwerp.
5 The ‘apocryphal’ status of the latter case illustrates the mutually controversial nature of the conversion phenomenon.
7 It should be noted that the historical Dutch elite, i.e. the elite that existed before the Machtergreifung of the soixante-huitards, consisted of two layers: (1) the nobility (which still exists as a ‘historical institution’ defined by the official Rode Boekje, ‘Red Book’, retaining its own legal statutes without prerogatives) and (2) the patricians (which is quasi-formally defined by the official Blauwe Boekje, ‘Blue Book’, registration of non-noble elite families). The former layer, which was kept very small by over two hundred years of republican rule (from 1579–1795 the Dutch Republic lacked a fons honorum) and a highly restrictive ennoblement procedure under subsequent monarchical rule, is very thin. The latter layer, which partially dates back to the semi-hereditary mercantile rulers of the Dutch Republic and which is somewhat more permeable, tends to consider itself co-equal with the nobility – a sentiment not shared by anybody else.
8 For an authentically Traditionalist Jewish perspective on the burden and predicament caused by the modernist illusion of merely ‘biological Judaism’, cf. the widely published pronouncements of Rav David Bar-Hayim of the Jerusalem Shilo Institute. E.g. his ‘Biological Jews’ interview published on YouTube, 08:40ff (‘people who are technically “Jews”, …[but] in no meaningful sense Jewish’).
9 A reference to the title of a Dutch political treatise written by Martin Bosma, second in command of Geert Wilders’ patriotic party PVV, De schijn-élite van de valsemunters (2010), made freely available by Bosma at https://gratis-boek.nl/martin-bosma-de-schijn-elite-van-de-valsemunters/ .
10 Between 1948 and 1951 Netherlands received over 1.1 billion dollars worth of material assistance from the United States, nearly as much as Italy and West Germany.
11 Exodus 16:3.
12 Cf. Wolfheze, Alba Rosa, 21ff.
13 A reference to the work of Norman Finkelstein, The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering (2000).
14 From the cryptomnesia of ‘The KLF’ (1991).
15 Isaiah 56:5 – this is the etymology of the Israeli national sanctuary Yad va-Shem.
16 A quotation from Harry Mulisch’s novel De aanslag (1968), translated to English as The Assault, widely considered one of the greatest works written by the greatest post-war writer of the Netherlands. It should be noted that Mulisch (1927–2010) had a highly complex understanding of the JQ, inspired by his war-time experiences (his mother was Jewish, but survived the war in the German-occupied Netherlands because his father worked for the Nazi occupation authorities).