Chris Bond, influential author of Nemesis, disappeared off-grid. But, before he did, he wrote his final thoughts on technology in the article that follows.
The article that follows was written by Chris Bond (author of Nemesis: The Jouvenelian vs. the Liberal Model of Human Orders) and originally published in June 2021, in the now defunct Warden Post, with his kind permission. I (Richard Storey) invited Chris to write this article, having interviewed him and realising that his ideas about many things had recently changed. For instance, the neo-absolutism which he had defended in Nemesis was now perceived as too simplistic — for instance, political leaders have historically viewed themselves to be swept up in destiny. There are larger systems and structures of which such leaders seem to be just parts. Chris had become fascinated by the work of Theodore “Ted” Kaczynski (the former Mathematics professor turned anti-tech “Unabomber”). Chris indicated that Kaczynski’s work on how larger self-propagating systems can and do form was superior to anything produced by figures whom Chris had previously found prescient, such as Curtis Yarvin (aka Mencius Moldbug). Having read Kaczynski’s Anti-Tech Revolution (2016) myself, it was hard to disagree with Chris, especially as my corporatist views lead me to conclude that human groups, especially empires, behave as living organisms, complete with life-cycles. I would certainly agree that the technology of money forms a soulless self-propagating system, taking on an un-life of its own in the form of Mammon, but I would stop short of despising all technology. Last century, the works of Fr Ivan Illich provided us with frameworks for assessing various technologies’ effects on the conviviality of a society, i.e., effects on interpersonal relationships and friendships, even at an institutional level; also, since early last century, reactionary political movements and corporatist experiments have set about harnessing the reins of techne to make it the servant of man rather than vice versa. Nevertheless, Chris took his newfound anti-tech sentiments to heart and, before raging against the machine on Twitter and disappearing off the grid, I asked him to write his final thoughts on the matter in the article that follows. I am glad I did and I am glad that he was forthcoming.
The nature of human experience is that one is born into an order with categories and relationships which one does not choose. The ability to contemplate the implications of these is a rare trait and the windows within which groups of individuals are able to do so are small and few. These windows seem to coincide with far-reaching transitions of orders from one set of relations to another, and then, once these transitions are complete, this thinking tends to be lost as further generations take the world they arrive in as a given — a neutral existence. We are currently in one such transition and this affords us an impressive, and possibly crucial, window within which to question the impending relationships which are being forced upon us, and to question if these relationships should not be fought against, tooth and nail.
Liberalism and Technocracy
Modern liberal thought has proved to be exceptionally effective at undermining our ability to perceive the effects of the structure that surrounds us; key to this weakness is the manner in which modern thought has placed a modern liberal individual at the core of all of our predominant epistemology, ethics, and general political thought. This individual is one whose entire makeup is affirmed as being, at base, derived from an internal source. This individual comes into the world as a sovereign entity and navigates the world as such. This individual is held responsible for his actions and is held as an autonomous agent capable of making autonomous decisions. At every stage of our lives, this is reaffirmed over and over again. Granted, there are many exceptions to this in the case of those considered of diminished capacity by dint of being immature, diseased, or in some way infirm/incapable of sufficient thought, but the average healthy individual is considered a fully fledged actor.
This liberal narrative is exceptionally useful in many ways. Firstly, from the point of view of those being told they are individuals in this sense, it has a nice moral feel to it. The individual’s personal freedom is affirmed vigorously. This is extremely flattering in that it asserts that you, specifically, are an extremely capable actor and not under the influence of another. Secondly, from the point of view of those in power, it is of use because it supports a certain cast of power actors in their claims to preeminence; it also provides them with the ability to act with impunity in their manipulation of those without the resources they themselves possess. The powerful and rich can engage in any form of behavior which causes untold harm and their freedom to do so can be comfortably based upon the assertion that those being targeted are responsible individuals capable of making their own choices.
We are currently seeing this play out before our very eyes with the technological developments which have decimated our lives over the past 20 years — developments wrought by Silicon Valley and technological “innovators” in general. We are living in a period in which most of us have previously lived in societies which did not have these “innovations”; so we can still perceive that the relationships being formed are not just given facts of life but are in fact being placed on us by supposedly neutral systems. Once one is capable of seeing that these relationships are being created by social media, mobile phones and the internet in general, it is only a short step to questioning whether previous orders were too neutral or not — and the answer is: they were not. No such thing is possible, but that is the fundamental basis of liberalism, that there is a neutral society or economy which we approach as untouched free agents and then engage in freely chosen actions.
Our previous order, premised on consumerism and mass media, presented to us choices which were not choices. Read paper A, B, C or D to get curated narratives regarding events which you could not possibly confirm or disprove. Buy ice cream from company X, Y, or Z. Go to work for this company or get a job with that company. Vote for one of these two (or three) political candidates. Deliberately encoded specific behaviours were embedded in the incentives of these systems and the choices placed before us — behaviours which one would not think, or could not think, were fundamentally manipulative. Work to buy food. Work to buy products you were scared into thinking you need. Work to buy products to maintain status with your peers. Develop political positions because the media provided you with very specific opinions and details to ensure you would come to those positions. Use words and categories created by academics and dispersed by movies, TV, education — words and categories you cannot really decide to use or not use. We can go on forever, but how many of us during this time questioned any of it?
As dehumanizing and abusive as this liberal system has been, we are now entering a period in which it is, incredibly, becoming worse. Under the old system of mass media, compulsory education, and (so-called) corporate-based life, the human was, under the guise of liberation, stripped of any lingering vestige of awareness as to the role of social relations on his behavior. One saving grace of this system was that there was the ability for the average person to conduct a life in the form of having a family and friends, and, accordingly, engaging in relationships on a personal basis, which escaped the direct influence of the modern state and its various intermediaries. This has been almost completely destroyed by modern technology, technology which serves no good purpose and is completely harmful. There are no justifiable reasons to maintain it at all.
Social Media and Porn
We can begin with social media. What possible benefits do social media platforms provide you with? They allow you to keep in contact? Do you really need to be in that much contact? If our lives are so disjointed and broken that we need to maintain contact with our loved ones or friends via Facebook or whatever messaging app, then those lives surely need to be corrected and those in authority should be working to help us do so. But that is not what these apps are even for in the first place; they are a means of monitoring you, collecting your information for various purposes that do not benefit you, and providing you with a tool to supply you with narratives to mold you towards whatever opinion those in power need you to believe as of now.
As for the negatives beyond this basic manipulation, we have unremitting negative effects on the individual, who is absolutely glued to this social media to the detriment of his mental and physical health in so many different ways. These platforms also incite you to engage in behavior and to say things which you would not normally do. Consider the virtue signalling that these media channels encourage, consider the pandering to followers for likes which you are programmed into engaging in by the Twitter algorithm. Consider the opinions, statements, speech patterns that various platforms encourage and ingrain. You can tell which platforms people use by the idioms and ironic language they use. If someone writes “This ain’t it, chief” or “yikes” or “Kek”, you can tell where they reside. These platforms program you to act in certain ways, and it is not subtle at all.
Can it really be argued that, if there were no Twitter or Facebook, then somehow society would in any way be impeded? How? I guess US intelligence agencies and other actors would be unable to organise and incite mass unrest in disliked regimes, so there is that, I suppose. But for you? How would your life be impeded?
And, of course, we have not even come to the elements of this new structure which are unremittingly horrifying. Consider porn: porn has no good purpose at all, and freely available porn is positively inexcusable. Under what circumstances could any order defend the practice of making pornography freely available — freely in not only being fully accessible to everyone but also monetarily free? Even a child could access a computer, go to a porn site and access it right now. The only barrier would be a brief disclaimer that one is over 18 years old. If you needed a direct insight into how utterly bankrupt and appallingly unfit for purpose our current government structures now are, this is it. What justifies all of this? Responsibility is pushed onto the consumers of the internet. That is the key to it all. And this responsibility is itself premised on liberalism and the individual at its core. The porn site puts up a brief disclaimer and like magic they are innocent of all problems. It is the responsibility of the parents to monitor their kid’s internet usage, and it is the adult’s responsibility to access the porn responsibly — and people actually buy this argument. The porn site, like Twitter, like Facebook and so on, just supplies a platform and is absolved of all responsibility by the simple magic of the liberal individual. This is obscene and any political order that allows it is grotesque and unfit.
On this topic, we can look at something else just as horrifying — dating apps. Dating apps should not exist in any way, shape or form. What sort of ridiculous society would allow things to develop to the point where individuals need to go onto dating apps to meet random people? How utterly destroyed must the society in question be to make it so that its members are so devoid of serious options for finding a partner that they have to resort to such a thing? This is even worse when you come to apps which are designed for hook-up culture, such as Tindr, and of course Grindr, which encourage the most obscene and depraved behavior. Hook-up/pick-up culture is not something which should be allowed, let alone encouraged and made possible on a vast scale by online platforms. This is profiting on abject human misery.
Commerce and Crypto
And then we can move on to simple commerce: Amazon has managed to leverage itself as the dominant intermediary of online retail to monopolise information and supplant successful businesses using its platform, sometimes outright copying them and their products. It has destroyed vast swaths of the high street and supplants these jobs with warehouse work in which workers face poor work conditions. Food apps deliver fast food to the doors of people whose lives are so taken up with work they are unable to cook nutritious meals. People are turned into “gig” workers with zero security. Disruption does not benefit anyone but the monopolies created by the disrupting companies.
On top of this we now have the absolute scourge of crypto. With the promise of getting exceptionally wealthy by producing your own money, crypto has managed to incentivise the most absurd behavior. There is a massive amount of computing power being put to use calculating meaningless mathematical problems to produce cryptocurrency. The arguments put forward to justify it uniformly make no sense and merely form as a cope for what is quite evidently a bizarre hysteria. One minute, bitcoin is a substitute for gold, even though cryptocurrencies like bitcoin can just be made from scratch at any time, and thousands have done just that. It can also be inflated by creating financial instruments on top of it. The next minute, it is a way to act autonomously, even though every transaction is recorded, and of course its clear origins in the US security apparatus are studiously ignored. It was most likely produced, just like the TOR network, as a means to fund security service operatives and then made public to cover this up. The problem is that any criticism is met with the retort that it has been massively successful as an “investment”, but this should be more cause for reflection as opposed to being taken as a victorious retort. Why has it been so successful? Why is financial speculation suddenly an unalloyed good? Why is diverting computing power and electricity to an obviously useless enterprise considered an acceptable use of resources? Why is the wasting of so many people’s time and attention on money-changing and speculation not an absolute scandal? Is any of this ethically justifiable? Does this make anyone a better person or serve any purpose?
None of these developments add to any good beyond the good of the wallets of the speculators, pornographers and the “innovators”. None of them improve our lives in any serious way, yet they are always marketed as doing just that. The drive is always more connectedness, more time online, more convenience for people whose lives have been individualized into dust. But at this point, we are surely nearing the end because the underlying populations that run all of this are collapsing, if not already collapsed. Birth rates are below replacement level in the places that are soaked with this “beneficial” innovation, and are not particularly impressive in any place bar Central Africa and Afghanistan. Even if the numbers were not a prelude to a demographic winter, the health of our populations is abysmal. They are rife with metabolic disorders, medicated beyond reason, corralled into existences that offer little to no hope. They do not even have the reasonable chance to own their own homes, increasingly becoming a renter class. We have been made destitute in fundamental ways and in replacement we have been given endless entertainment, financial speculation, pornography and gadgets that enslave and control us.